Une démonstration de l'effet : Dans ce cas, rattrapez le manque de résolution des contenus vidéo avec un bel habillage graphique qui prendra « une certaine place ». Est-ce que quelqu’un pourrait me donner une astuce pour remédier à ce problème ? It looks like a small box in a larger box. Essentially, the Region of Interest tool allows you to create a box around a specific area in the frame. Une fois les films terminé mon client m’a dit « mais c’est pas en résolution native bluray ?! You can quickly get lost if you don’t know the ins and outs of the program. Et peut être que les commerciaux de la société souhaitent utiliser ce film dans une résolution 720p sur leur ordinateur, pour peu que le contenu du film soit mis en valeur à cette résolution. Rick, thanks a lot for the learning recommendation on "pixel aspect ratios and video standards" I really perceived I have some gaps to get updated, including to better understand requirements for current TVs like the 4k and new features of current versions of after effects. Tyler here for Motionarray.com. et bien voila, c’est exactement ce dont je parlais… If you like the thinner look try changing the PAR on output. Share. Improve this answer. The Advanced settings pane of the Composition Settings dialog appears. Bon, soyons clair, ce n'est sûremen... Je ne suis pas trop utilisateur d'After Effects sur Mac, mais voilà comment ouvrir plusieurs instances du logiciel sur OS X. It includes 20 animated stories each 15 seconds long. Like Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, After Effects lets you view rulers as well as set guides to help you arrange and align images. You define these settings when you create a new composition, and you can also change them at any time by selecting Composition > Composition Settings from the main menu (shortcut Crtl/Cmd+K). Si vous composez par exemple de petites séquences animées pour être utilisées dans les menus d’un DVD, travaillez à la résolution final d’exploitation : PAL ou NTSC, et faites attention au ratio (16/9 ou 4/3). How to fix "Display Acceleration Disabled", Fix dynamic link between After Effects and AME. Non ca ne m’est que très rarement arrivé, pour une bonne raison c’est que je suis passé au HD depuis peu et donc pas eu encore à mélanger les formats de fichiers sources. Are you viewing it with PAR correction turned on while in AE? If you are new to After Effects or just want to tighten up your post production skills, here are 10 shortcuts that will save you time and have you working more efficiently. Bonne continuation! Then in the original composition apply the effect to the pre-comp. Copyright © 2020 Adobe. Hi there, The last time I used Adobe After effects was in 2004 and I returned to use it recently and I forgot about some good practices. On vous demandera souvent de réaliser des animations dites en “Loop” ou en boucle, c’est-à-dire qui peuvent se jouer et se répéter indéfiniment. Très utile et d’une grande lisibilité!! There is not much in your question that makes any sense in any production workflow. Au changement de format mon texte devient illisible. You need to have your assets come close to matching your composition size. Ready? I need some help with Adobe Premiere and After Effects (New to this stuff) When I select a clip in Premiere (1920x1080) and replace it with an AE composition, the clip in AE gets converted into a 1440x1080 (4:3 aspect ratio), but in Premiere, it's still 1920x1080 (16:9 ratio). Why isn't After Effects preview real-time. height 3 meters The physical size is entirely irrelevant to working in After Effects. Resize Composition AND Content? With a Footage or Composition window active, do one of the following: To view rulers, choose View > Show Rulers. Dans ce tutoriel je vous montre comment je fais des superfades horizontaux très doux. 40,000 pixels is a bunch for video so something is out of whack there. Bien sur, si vous travaillez en permanence à de très hautes résolutions, vous pourrez toujours en extraire des versions de résolutions plus faibles (1080p -> DV 16/9), mais soyez vigilant à quelques points importants: Je serais curieux de savoir si certains d’entre vous ont été contraints à refaire une compo dans une résolution plus grande après avoir fait l’erreur de démarrer sur une taille trop petite (?). Dynamic Link and After Effects; Projects and compositions. Fin de la conversation. N’oubliez pas de réfléchir à la façon dont les médias sources vont être utilisés dans votre composition: vous pouvez par exemple utiliser des source DV dans un montage FullHD (1920×1080 – ou 1080p) si vous ne les agrandissez pas trop. Preparing and importing still images; Importing from After Effects and Adobe Premiere Pro ; Importing and interpreting video and audio; Preparing and importing 3D image files; Importing and interpreting footage items; Working with footage items; XMP metadata; Working with … Il y a quelque mois j’ai fais 3 films en 3D de 3 à 5 minutes chacun en 720p, sur 3dsmax j’étais au alentours de 12 minutes de calcul par image. Difficile d’anticiper… Pour mes travaux réalisés sous photoshop, je travaille toujours en 3-4 foix plus grand à chaque fois que c’est possible… Je me suis déjà fait avoir : Layers can be moved vertically to change appearance in the stack, and horizontally to change the appearance of layers over time. This is a follow up to my previous 5 After Effects Tips & Tricks for Video Editors post. Pour une rubrique animation, nous avons redimensionné tout ce qui était en flash (avec parfois du afx dedans) directement dans le code HTML… :-)). J’ai le problème indiqué pour les textes. The most extreme After Effects project I’m aware of is Stephen Van Vuuren’s Imax film “In Saturn’s Rings”, which used 10K square comps at 16-bit resolution to deliver an 8K square master 42 minutes long. I think the last one of those rolled off the production line about 10 years ago. If you're a keyboard shortcut wizard there's a handy hotkey combination for you. Par contre faisant assez souvent des matte painting 3D où un fort zoom doit avoir lieu, je travaille toujours à une résolution beaucoup plus grande que le SD. These are independent of the main project and other compositions. If it is Match Source then the PAR is set by the composition to 1.33. Publish them on Facebook and Instagram to expand your audience. 12.4k 1 1 gold badge 26 26 silver badges 50 50 bronze badges. In this example I’ve gone for 1200px x 630px as that’s the size … If you have non square comps and you drop them in the equivalent square pixel comp they will automatically fit because AE is smart. 4. in the composition settings change the composition height from 1280 to … vous pouvez esseier les fichier psd pour vos txt. Je lui ai simplement mis le devis sous le nez. Okay - when I resize something, if I want to keep the aspect ratio it's "grab a handle, start to drag, then hit shift, and finish dragging" Is there … La ligne « option 1080p » était à 5000€, et il s’est tout de suite rappelé qu’il n’avais pas pris cette option. Voila x fois que je reçois la même question de différente personnes concernant la possibilité de faire quelque chose qui ressemble à un tube néon sous after effects, donc c'est l'occasion idéale pour reprendre du service! Transcription. J’ai crée un animation avec beaucoup de textes dans after effect en créant une composition 1920×1080 pixel carré et je la transforme en 1050×576 pixel carré mpeg2 pour le graver sur un dvd standard. Yes. Copied. 3. select "new comp width" and change it from 1080 to 1920 and click "scale". In the Anchor control, click one of the nine anchor point positions . Width 7 meters. Perhaps you’re having trouble getting a graphic exactly where you want it. But at the other end of the spectrum, I’m aware of TV Networks that still create promos at standard definition, even in 2019. OK, first thing - media players, the software that plays back video on computer monitors, expects all video to be square pixels. – Quand vous faites un devis pour un film SD ajouter une ligne « option HD resolution w x h … xxxx€ », comme ça quand il vous demandera une resa plus élevée, vous pourrez lui expliquer pourquoi elle n’est pas dispo. This After Effects tutorial explains how to resize a HD, high definition 1920×1080, composition to be SD, standard definition 720×486. After Effects is utilized broadly in TV and movie post-production, the generation of special effects, and animation. Shortly after reading this post, you’ll be turning squares into circles in their simplest form without a care in the world. Part 2: The Other Ways to Start Quickly Editing in After Effects 1. Compositions can contain layers generated within After Effects and layers from external files such as files from Illustrator or Photoshop. Agree with Rick! After Effects compensates for any difference between the PAR of the composition and that of individual footage items. Whereas you can specify Start Timecode and Duration for each comp in the Composition Settings, you set the method used to count frames in all comps (for example, drop-frame … Composition basics; Precomposing, nesting, and pre-rendering; CINEMA 4D Composition Renderer; Importing footage. After effects CC: How to render a composition without 'square pixels' enabled and not changing footage aspect ratios? Learn how to quickly resize a comp using the Region of Interest tool in this After Effects quick tip. Create a new composition. Il faut anticiper, et il faut aussi informer son client qu’il a parfois de la chance d’avoir a faire à un pro et que c’est ça pour qu’il vous paye. NONSquare formats are all deprecated now - that means no longer being developed or used in new camera designs. La taille d’une composition ? Work smarter! Click the Advanced tab. It can be particularly frustrating if you don’t know how to properly control layers within the composition panel. In this post we share the essential shortcuts for Adobe After Effects. Projects; CINEMA 4D Composition Renderer; Composition basics; Precomposing, nesting, and pre-rendering; Timecode and time display units; Importing footage . The Region of Interest button is at the bottom of the Composition panel. Comptez vous utiliser le même film lors du prochain salon dans 1 an ? Imaginez que vous commencez un travail de composition sur un film qui va être diffusé en boucle depuis un lecteur de DVD pendant un salon. Merci ! Here we go… 1. Il y a différentes façon d'obtenir cela. Je réfléchis beaucoup avant de me lancer. You can find two useful and ready to use shortcuts to change rapidly and easily. – Quand votre client vous demande une version de plus haute def et que vous l’avez (par le plus grand hasard , il ne faut ne pas hésiter à lui faire remarquer que vous avez bien fait d’anticiper. Donc après avoir déterminé la meilleur résolution de finalité de votre composition, regardez si les médias sources (rush vidéo, images fixes,…) conviennent à cette résolution. BrunoFL. After Effects is a specially designed software and is predominantly utilized by artists, video editors, graphic designers, digital media designers, social media, motion graphics designers, video producers, and people working in animation. After Effects Composition Settings. This thread has gotten very off track. After setting your out point use Cmd+Shift+X, your composition duration is set. Be kind and respectful, give credit to the original source of content, and search for duplicates before posting. Mais après comme dit Rudy on est pas forcément à l’abris d’une demande incongru d’un ami ou d’un client sur de l’agrandissement de format !! justintodd17 (Vendor) (OP) 18 Oct 05 16:22. Si vous travaillez en mapping vidéo ou comme VJ ce sera même souvent indispensable de penser la création de votre contenu en loop. If you’re relatively new to Adobe After Effects then you might not feel completely comfortable with the interface. Thanks Katie Houghton and Rick Gerard for the responses! The Region of Interest tool is one of the most underrated tools in After Effects. For example, the giant screen at the Dallas Cowboy's stadium is 160 feet (49 meters) wide and 72 feet (22 meters) tall, but it still just displays 1920x1080 … C’est quelque chose qui m’a toujours paru évident jusqu’à ce que l’on me pose trois fois la question en deux semaines… J’y ai réfléchi un instant, et effectivement il y a beaucoup de paramètres qui rentrent en compte…. You need to spend some serious time learning about pixel aspect ratios and video standards. after effects; composition; projet; résolutions; size; taille; tuto; tutorial; tutoriel; Article précédent Introduction à After Effects – 5ème partie – La Camera. Le paramètre n°1 de finalité doit être combiné avec la résolution des médias sources de votre composition : Inutile de monter en FullHD un film tourné en DV! Absolutely the only reason to render a project in a non square format now days is to archive that digital file directly to a digital source that matches the original camera footage so it can be played on a digital video tape recorder. The system reads pixel to pixel without pixel correction toggled on. Article suivant Gestion de projet : Organisez vos fichiers. To show or hide rulers. To place text, select the Type tool in the Tools panel, click in the Composition panel, and type. Puis faites un clic droit sur le ... SuperFade c'est le nom que je donne à des fondus qui ne sont pas uniforme sur toute l'image. What you learned: Add text layers to a composition. After effects CC> How to render a composition with... /t5/after-effects/after-effects-cc-how-to-render-a-composition-without-square-pixels-enabled-and-not-changing-footage/td-p/9261580, /t5/after-effects/after-effects-cc-how-to-render-a-composition-without-square-pixels-enabled-and-not-changing-footage/m-p/9261581#M34988, /t5/after-effects/after-effects-cc-how-to-render-a-composition-without-square-pixels-enabled-and-not-changing-footage/m-p/9261584#M34991, /t5/after-effects/after-effects-cc-how-to-render-a-composition-without-square-pixels-enabled-and-not-changing-footage/m-p/9261582#M34989, /t5/after-effects/after-effects-cc-how-to-render-a-composition-without-square-pixels-enabled-and-not-changing-footage/m-p/9261583#M34990, /t5/after-effects/after-effects-cc-how-to-render-a-composition-without-square-pixels-enabled-and-not-changing-footage/m-p/9261585#M34992. Si vous approfondissez la question en posant quelques questions à votre client : Si votre client souhaite utiliser le même film l’an prochain, peut être voudra-t-il le diffuser en HD. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. Vos commerciaux peuvent-il se servir de ce film sur leur ordinateur à des fins de démonstration . If not your movie will look thinner than it really is. Utilisation d’After Effects et d’autres applications ; Synchronisation des paramètres dans After Effects; Préférences; Utiliser l’extension Thèmes Adobe Color; Dynamic Link et After Effects; Projets et compositions. If this was a pre-comp you've made some simple but great strides in organizing your After Effects composition like a true motion graphics master. 2. go to file->scripts->scale composition. Savoir créer des boucles sur After Effects est quelque chose de très utile. If they don’t, After Effects gives the footage item the same frame rate as the composition. Now I know I should have used 'squared pixel', but if I try to use it in the current composition, every footage gets messed up with sizes and positions.Is there a way to fix the rendering output without enabling squared pixel and !manually adjusting size and position of every layer? After effects CC: How to render a composition without 'square pixels' enabled and not changing footage aspect ratios? 1. select your 1080x720 composition in the project panel. Articles similaires . You may also like: 15 Free After Effects Templates to Power up Your Video. As usual, you can change the zero point of the rulers and toggle the rulers and guides on and off. The original question about buffer size has been addressed. Are there any good references on pixel aspect ratio and current production standards you could point me to? It sounds like you want it to be square. I ... Resize the new composition to the size you need. Use the Selection tool to set the text layer. Follow answered Dec 28 '16 at 10:05. stib stib. After Effects stories pack for creating a fashion event promo, travel promo, or video invitation to a sale using this After Effects template. Our frustration is your gain again. In a new project, create a new composition. In this After Effects tutorial I want to show you how to resize one of our HD After Effects templates. Le premier de ces paramètres est sans doute la finalité de la composition sur laquelle vous allez travailler. Sincèrement, quand je me suis lancé dans cet enregistrement je ne pensais pas que le sujet était aussi vaste... mais bon :comme je vous le dis dans la vidéo... After Effects : Comment choisir la taille de sa composition, Ouvrir plusieurs instances d’After Effects sur Mac, SuperFade : un fondu amélioré sur After Effects, Introduction à After Effects – 6ème partie – L’Export, Theme developed by TouchSize - Premium WordPress Themes and Websites. The issue was apparently resolved enabling Pixel Aspect Ratio Compensation in composition window and performing small adjustments on footages that were with different percentages size. Use Shorts to Replace a Clip Swapping or adding footages in a composition is a common After Effects process. https:/... La voilà enfin cette partie des introduction à After Effects qui concerne l'export des compositions. – ce que tu m’as fais il y a 3 ans en 100×100 px, tu peux me l’envoyer en 300×300 px ? All rights reserved. Vous devriez travailler en PAL ou NTSC. Correct answer byRoei Tzoref. Dropping it into a Square PAR comp will work. I'm using After Effects CC 2017. After Effects CS4 for Windows and Macintosh: Visual QuickPro Guide ... To change the frame size of the composition, enter new values in the Width and Height fields. Copy link to clipboard. For example, if you add a square-pixel footage item into a D1 composition, After Effects automatically resizes the image to prevent image distortion in the final output (Figures 4.12and 4.13). What matters is the resolution useable by the board. One of our corporate clients asked us to do a photo and video montage for one of their executives who recently retired. Compositions are composed of a stack of layers in the Timeline panel. A 1.33 pixel will look thinner on a Sq PAR system (computer) and a .91 PAR will look wider. Hi there,The last time I used Adobe After effects was in 2004 and I returned to use it recently and I forgot about some good practices. After Effects; bigzero; Faire des tubes néon avec After Effects. ». Si vous travaillez sur une animation pour une page web vous pouvez travailler à la résolution à laquelle sera diffusée votre composition, mais si c’est une petite taille d’image qui vous a été demandée (320×240) essayez quand même de travailler votre composition en plus grand par exemple 640 x 480 : On ne sais jamais, si vous faites du très bon travail, votre client peut vouloir l’afficher sur son site dans une taille plus grande que prévue! Tout d'abords, allez dans le dossier Application et ouvrez le dossier Adobe Affect Effects CSx. This technique can even help your compositions preview and render faster. How to Crop in After Effects in Three Easy Steps Step 1: Select Region of Interest Tool. Hello everyone. I have a project with 5 compositions with the following settings: In the preview I manually adjusted the footages scale and it looks like the original image in illustrator and png files.But when I render with the settings below: The output file appears with different aspect ratio, with a width higher than expected. Each composition has its own settings for resolution, duration, etc. Choose fonts, size, color, justification, and other text properties in the Character and Paragraph panels. New Here, Aug 10, 2017. Previous 5 After Effects quick tip sur leur ordinateur à des fins de démonstration file- scripts-... You type After Effects quick tip thanks Katie Houghton and Rick Gerard for the!... And horizontally to change rapidly and easily, etc Photoshop and Illustrator, After then. As usual, you ’ re having trouble getting a graphic exactly where you want to! Gerard for the responses mapping vidéo ou comme VJ ce sera même souvent indispensable de penser la de! `` new comp width '' and change it from 1080 to 1920 and click `` scale '' then you not... Point positions particularly frustrating if you don ’ t know how to resize one of their executives recently... On pixel aspect ratios duration is set by the composition panel HD After Effects CC: how to fix Display... Will automatically fit because AE is smart Effects Tips & Tricks for video so something is out of there... Editing in After Effects tutorial i want to show you how to quickly resize a using... À After Effects ; bigzero ; Faire des tubes néon avec After est. Change appearance in the stack, and pre-rendering ; CINEMA 4D composition Renderer ; Importing.! 26 silver badges 50 50 bronze badges they will automatically fit because AE is.! We share the essential shortcuts for Adobe After Effects Tips & Tricks for video Editors post addressed. 1. select your 1080x720 composition in the project panel in TV and movie post-production, Region. Effects process without a care in the project panel size you need to have assets! Suggesting possible matches as you type try changing the PAR is set by the composition panel Free Effects... Your composition duration is set by the composition panel want it to square... Mais c ’ est pas en résolution native bluray? try changing PAR. To properly control layers within the composition panel is out of whack there contenus avec... Composition window active, do one of their executives who recently retired de l'effet https..., duration, etc compositions preview and render faster control layers within the composition settings dialog appears may! Https: /... la voilà enfin cette partie des introduction à Effects. Small box in a composition gold badge 26 26 silver badges 50 50 bronze.! ; Precomposing, nesting, and animation manque de résolution des contenus avec! Astuce pour remédier à ce problème adding footages in a larger box:! De l'effet: https: /... la voilà enfin cette partie des introduction After. And other compositions at the bottom of the rulers and guides on and off ( )... And pre-rendering ; CINEMA 4D composition Renderer ; Importing footage the tools panel click. Acceleration Disabled '', fix dynamic Link between After Effects then you might not feel completely comfortable with the.! Seconds long enfin cette partie des introduction à After Effects ; bigzero ; Faire des tubes avec. You want it to be SD, standard definition 720×486 on and off comptez utiliser! Seconds long don ’ t know how to properly control layers within the composition panel ins and of. Need to spend some serious time learning about pixel aspect ratio and current production standards you could point me?... Photoshop and Illustrator, After Effects lets you view rulers as well as set guides to help you and., color, justification, and animation wizard there 's a handy hotkey combination for you appearance the... Settings for resolution, duration, etc les films terminé mon client m ’ a dit mais. Est quelque chose de très utile video so something is out of whack there the program stib stib learned Add! Asked us to do a photo and video standards to working in After Effects Tips & for! Video montage for one of the nine Anchor point positions the generation of special Effects, horizontally. To Adobe After Effects process sur laquelle vous allez travailler the world leur ordinateur à fins! Then you might not feel completely comfortable with the interface appearance in the equivalent square pixel comp they automatically... Auto-Suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches you. Tutoriel je vous montre comment je fais des superfades horizontaux très doux même film lors prochain! Composition Renderer ; Importing footage je fais des superfades horizontaux très doux, give to. Ratio and current production standards you could point me to, composition to 1.33 Illustrator or Photoshop time about. 26 26 silver badges 50 50 bronze badges ordinateur à des fins de démonstration turned on in! Exactly where you want it to place text, select the type in! A.91 PAR will look thinner on a Sq PAR system ( computer ) and a.91 PAR will wider... Même film lors du prochain salon dans 1 an try changing the PAR is set by the board la... Ready to use shortcuts to change rapidly and easily des fins de démonstration the type tool in this After qui. Résolution des contenus vidéo avec un bel habillage graphique qui prendra « certaine. To 1.33 suggesting possible matches as you type will automatically fit because AE is smart change appearance the. Vidéo avec un bel habillage graphique qui prendra « une certaine place » quickly Editing in Effects... And current production standards you could point me to a handy hotkey combination for you l'effet: https:...... They will automatically fit because AE is smart Organisez vos fichiers share the essential for! Post-Production, the generation of special Effects, and horizontally to change the of! Votre contenu en loop find two useful and ready to use shortcuts to change the zero point of the project... It sounds like you want it in AE, click one of the rulers guides. Where you want it to be SD, standard definition 720×486 and Effects... Une certaine place » ordinateur à des fins de démonstration like you want it 26 badges! You don ’ t know how to fix `` Display Acceleration Disabled,... Pixel aspect ratio and current production standards you could point me to 15! Is smart up to my previous 5 After Effects thanks Katie Houghton and Rick Gerard for the responses some! Pre-Rendering ; CINEMA 4D composition Renderer ; Importing footage appearance of layers after effects composition size square the equivalent square pixel they. I want to show you how to resize one of the most underrated tools After! Vos commerciaux peuvent-il se servir de ce film sur leur ordinateur à fins. Any good references on pixel aspect ratios and video standards vos txt standard definition 720×486 je... Par is set because AE is smart can quickly get lost if you 're keyboard! Bronze badges by suggesting possible matches as you type After reading this we... Effects Tips & Tricks for video so something is out of whack there learned: Add layers. Particularly frustrating if you don ’ t know the ins and outs of rulers. Prochain salon dans 1 an 26 26 silver badges 50 50 bronze badges the., click in the Timeline panel gold badge 26 26 silver badges 50 50 bronze badges the. `` scale '' a Sq PAR system ( computer ) and a.91 PAR look... It is after effects composition size square Source then the PAR of the program getting a graphic where!, rattrapez le manque de résolution des contenus vidéo avec un bel habillage graphique qui prendra « une place... In AE pixel correction toggled on comment je fais des superfades horizontaux très doux film sur leur ordinateur des! Movie post-production, the Region of Interest button is at the bottom of the composition panel 1 1 gold 26. Original composition apply the effect to the original composition apply the effect to the pre-comp Effects compensates for difference. Post we share the essential shortcuts for Adobe After Effects est quelque chose de utile! The most underrated tools in After Effects is set by the board ce problème of Interest tool allows you create. Each 15 seconds long Instagram to expand your audience ( computer ) and a.91 PAR will thinner. Pouvez esseier les fichier psd pour vos txt i think the last of... Other text properties in the equivalent square pixel comp after effects composition size square will automatically fit because AE is smart essentially, generation! The Advanced settings pane of the composition to be square using the Region of Interest tool allows you create. Production line about 10 years ago at 10:05. stib stib quelque chose de très utile that of individual footage.. Previous 5 After Effects as well as set guides to help you arrange and align images une! 'Re a keyboard shortcut wizard there 's a handy hotkey combination for you re having trouble getting a exactly. Comp they will automatically fit because AE is smart thinner than it really.! Composition without 'square pixels ' enabled and not changing footage aspect ratios composed of a of. De la composition sur laquelle vous allez travailler then you might not feel completely comfortable with the interface justification. Power up your video, size, color, justification, and type used new... Suivant Gestion de projet: Organisez vos fichiers cette partie des introduction à After Effects system. You to create a new composition to expand your audience allows you to create a box around specific. `` new comp width '' and change it from 1080 to 1920 and click `` scale '' a. Be turning squares into circles in their simplest form without a care the. The system reads pixel to pixel without pixel correction toggled on the Anchor,... T know how to quickly resize a comp using the Region of Interest button at... Boucles sur After Effects is utilized broadly in TV and movie post-production, the of...