The Gītā was not preached either as a pastime for persons tired out after living a worldly life in the pursuit of selfish motives nor as a preparatory lesson for living such worldly life; but in order to give philosophical advice as to how one should live his worldly life with an eye to Release (. [198][199], The Gita praises the path, calling the jnana yogin to be exceedingly dear to Krishna, but adds that the path is steep and difficult. Krishna; Chapter 2, verse 47; Lars Martin Fosse. Krishna; Chapter 11, verse 32; Paramahamsa Vishwananda. In order to deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I advent Myself millennium after millennium. [18][112][113] In the final and long chapter, the Gita offers a final summary of its teachings in the previous chapters. A part of the verse from this chapter was recited by Robert Oppenheimer as he witnessed the first atomic bomb explosion. It is also the day, when Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, the holy book of the Hindus, came into being. The YogaRenew 200-hour yoga teacher certification offers you the opportunity to deeply enrich your practice and understanding of yoga. The Hinduism scholar Jeaneane Fowler, in her commentary on the Gita, considers second century BCE to be the probable date of composition. who attain the goal of meditation, He who is free from hatred toward all creatures, is friendly and kind to all, is devoid of the consciousness of "I-ness" and possessiveness; is evenminded in suffering and joy, forgiving, ever contented; a regular yoga practitioner, constantly trying by yoga to know the Self and to unite with Spirit, possessed of firm determination, with mind and discrimination surrendered to Me - he is My devotee, dear to Me. Instead, it is teaching peace and discussing one's duty to examine what is right and then act with pure intentions, when one's faces difficult and repugnant choices. Krishna; Chapter 15, verse 18; Gita Press translation. In India, its Sanskrit name is often written as Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, श्रीमद् भगवद् गीता (the latter two words often written as a single word भगवद्गीता), where the Shrimad prefix is used to denote a high degree of respect. This would date the text as transmitted by the oral tradition to the later centuries of the 1st-millennium BCE, and the first written version probably to the 2nd or 3rd century CE. He wonders if it is noble to renounce and leave before the violence starts, or should he fight, and why. He who feels neither rejoicing not loathing toward the glad nor the sad (aspects of phenomenal life), who is free from grief and cravings, who has banished the relative consciousness of good and evil, and who is intently devout - he is dear to Me. An ancient Indian book dense with wisdom, the Bhagavad Gita is the most important and beloved spiritual text to billions of Hindus. [53] The Brahma sutras constitute the Nyāya prasthāna or the "starting point of reasoning canonical base", while the principal Upanishads constitute the Sruti prasthāna or the "starting point of heard scriptures", and the Bhagavad Gita constitutes the Smriti prasthāna or the "starting point of remembered canonical base". Everyday the book exhibits a new facet to thought; hence the Gītā remains eternally new. [95][note 10] The metered verse does not rhyme. Bhagavad Gita Hindi Episode 67 Chapter 1 & 2 By Yogacharya Surakshit Goswami Video - Can our doings in this life change our karma in the next? [369], According to Ronald Neufeldt, it was the Theosophical Society that dedicated much attention and energy to the allegorical interpretation of the Gita, along with religious texts from around the world, after 1885 and given H. P. Blavatsky, Subba Rao and Anne Besant writings. [34] The Gita, states van Buitenen, was conceived and developed by the Mahabharata authors to "bring to a climax and solution the dharmic dilemma of a war". This is a completely new translation made from the original 1917 Bengali edition. [89][90] Variant manuscripts of the Gita have been found on the Indian subcontinent[63][91] Unlike the enormous variations in the remaining sections of the surviving Mahabharata manuscripts, the Gita manuscripts show only minor variations and the meaning is the same. Verily, wisdom (born from yoga practice) is superior to (mechanical) yoga practice; meditation is more desirable than the possession of (theoretical) wisdom; the relinquishment of the fruits of action is better than (the initial states of) meditation. There are two Beings (Purushas) in the cosmos, the destructible and the indestructible. The work is also known as the Iswara Gita, the Ananta Gita, the Hari Gita, the Vyasa Gita, or simply the Gita. As enjoyments, born of contacts (with external objects), have a beginning and an end, they become the cause of unhappiness. [18][112][113] The chapter opens with Krishna continuing his discourse from the previous chapter. nor those who refrain from action, [141], Some translators title the chapter as Vishvarupa–Darshana yoga, The Manifesting of the One and Manifold, The Cosmic Vision, or The Yoga of the Vision of the Cosmic Form. It weighs 800 kg and measures over 2.8 metres. It also "relegates the sacrificial system of the early Vedic literature to a path that goes nowhere because it is based on desires", states Bryant. Two massive armies representing different loyalties and ideologies face a catastrophic war. [109] Sir Edwin Arnold titled this chapter in his 1885 translation as "The Distress of Arjuna". 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