Examples of anthropomorphism include Mickey Mouse and Winnie the Pooh. This story was the basis for an episode of The Twilight Zone. The more literary elements that writers have to use in their arsenal, the more powerful your writing will be. For example, “I used to be a banker, but I lost interest”. This use of this device speeds up the pace of a passage, emphasizes action, and creates a frenzied effect. Symbol – This literary device refers to anything that stands for or represents something else. Attributive Nouns – These are nouns that can be used to modify other nouns. Pace – This literary device refers to the speed at which a narrative is developed. A lion, for example, is a concrete idea since it may be perceived with human senses. See also Stichomythia. For a detailed description, see Occupatio. Axiom – This literary term refers to a statement that is well-established and is accepted without question. Adjunctio – This Latin term means “an addition” and refers to grouping dissimilar nouns with the same verb. In Moby Dick, Herman Melville devotes entire chapters to excursus to discuss various topics, including whaling. You will be cursed when you come in and cursed when you go out.”. Epanalepsis (ep-uh-nuh-LEP-sis) – This literary device refers to the repetition of the initial word or phrase of a clause or sentence and the end of that same clause or sentence. When a story’s characters and events have symbolic meaning, a piece of writing is allegorical. For example, in the Sherlock Holmes series, “Elementary, my dear Watson,” has become a catchphrase for the detective. For example, one person says, “Last night I shot a bear in my pajamas.” The response is, “Why was a bear wearing your pajamas?” See also Double Entendre. Repartee – A quick, witty reply, often humorous. One of the more well-known examples comes from Jesus when he says, “Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God” (Matthew 19:24). The Bible is loaded with polysyndetons, as in this passage from Joshua 7:24: “And Joshua, and all of Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he hand.” Vladimir Nabokov also uses this device in his novel Lolita in order to describe Humbert Humbert’s exasperation with the droll sameness of Lolita’s friends: “I still hear the nasal voices of those invisibles serenading her, people with names like Sammy and Jo and Eddy and Tony and Peggy and Guy and Patty and Rex….” Contrast Asyndeton. Anastrophe – This literary device refers to the inversion of the typical word order in a sentence or clause. For example, the family of six who will later be killed at the end of the story drive by cotton field with six graves enclosed in a fence. Related. For example, “the Bard” for William Shakespeare or “a Cassanova” for a womanizer. Used to emphasize some point, adynatons are a common satirical tool because of the humorous effect that they often create. This is one of the best examples of Catalog poem in which an exhausted list has been presented for rhetorical impacts. Due to the persuasive influence behind a truth tersely stated, aphorisms are effective devices in political or moral discourse. Also called Prolepsis. Prosopopoeia (proh-soh-puh-PEE-uh) – This literary device refers to the personification of inanimate objects. Learn. . Nonce Word – This literary device refers to a word or phrase newly invented or newly introduced into a language. Lloyd Bernsten employed this technique during his vice-presidential debate against Dan Quayle, saying, “Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy; I knew Jack Kennedy; Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine. Quentin Tarantino often uses anachronies in his movies. Some operate at the sentence level, while others serve the piece of writing as a whole. Visual Imagery – This literary device refers to descriptive imagery that pertains to graphics, visual scenes, pictures, or the sense of sight. Truth be told, alliteration has benefited us from an early age, even before we could read. Free!–and in the grasp of the Inquisition.” Here, Poe uses anadiplosis to make the ironic observation that while his narrator is free from an immediate death, he remains imprisoned. Pace is controlled by several elements, including sentence structure (short versus long sentences), the use of action versus description (action speeds up pace while description slows down pace), and how quickly important information is revealed to the reader. Literature is a very fun course to undertake and there are some practices one should undertake to ensure that they are able to write marvelous works of art. The following example from The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe demonstrates the use of smooth cadence in the first, third, and fourth lines and a harsher cadence in the second, fifth, and sixth lines: “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,/Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,/While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,/As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door./”Tis some visitor,’ I muttered, ‘tapping at my chamber door-/Only this, and nothing more.'”. A literary device is any specific aspect of literature, or a particular work, which we can recognize, identify, interpret and/or analyze. Spenser’s “Epithalamion” includes examples of blazon: “Her goodly eyes like sapphires shining bright, / Her forehead ivory white …” George H.W. Example of metaphor: This tree is the god of the forest. The mood of Macbeth is dark, murky and mysterious, creating a sense of fear and uncertainty. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. But most nonfiction doesn’t need literary devices to be effective. NehaIsBetterNYou . Il primo è stato di gran lunga il più comune: l'enunciazione è lineare è relativamente semplice in confronto al ric e gli " espedienti" letterari sono meno comuni rispetto a quelli del clus. The Flashback (or Analepsis) and Flash-forward (Proplesis) encompass the two basic forms of anachronies. Literary Devices Multi-Media Activity Literary Devices Presentation. I am a fool perhaps, He gets the plums, and I the plumstones. The purpose of this device includes implying a close relation to apparent opposites as well as creating a symmetrical structure to give the impression upon the reader that the entire argument has been accounted for. This helps the readers to connect with the work on a deeper, more intimate level. Cosmic Irony – This literary device refers to the belief that fate or the gods are indifferent and even antagonistic to human needs. Catharsis A Catharsis is an emotional discharge through which one can achieve a state of moral or spiritual renewal or achieve a state of liberation from anxiety. . Although these vignettes are not presented chronologically, there is a good reason for the order in which they are presented. Literary Terms (Examples) STUDY. Sibilance – A type of alliteration, and more specifically a type of consonance, this literary device refers to the repetition of similar hissing sounds, such as -s in this and in some cases -ch, -sh, -z, and -zh. A person who has good thoughts cannot ever be ugly. Prozeugma – This literary device refers to an expression in which a verb in used in an initial clause but left out (yet understood) in subsequent clauses. Also known as Adage, Apothegm, Maxim, or Proverb. An allegory generally teaches a lesson by means of an interesting story. AP Glossary of Lit and Rhetorical Terms / 2 Adage – A folk saying with a lesson.“A rolling stone gathers no moss.” Similar to aphorism and colloquialism. For example, the protagonist, Christian, meets Evangelist, Obstinate, and Pliable on his journey. Some common examples are metaphor, alliteration, hyperbole, and imagery. Examples in the page provide further information regarding how an essay is made and formed. This rhetorical device is used as a kind of irony. Some common examples are metaphor, alliteration, hyperbole, and imagery. The purpose of this device is to emphasize a series of things, cause a hypnotic effect, and give a biblical pronouncement that creates a sense of truthfulness behind the passage. How much knowledge do you have when it comes to literature devices? Some operate at the sentence level, while others serve the piece of writing as a whole. Literary Devices Examples . These techniques can give the reader a greater understanding and meaning of the writers intent. Characters and events can also be symbolic. These devices allow the poet to present it in a new way and a delightful surprise to the readers. He presents the list of the types of fear one by one until he has reached the end of what he has stated earlier. Anaphora. An effective example includes the following from Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad: “The horror, the horror.” Here, the repetition creates a haunting echo effect that heightens the emotional response among readers. See Syllepsis. Write. Leitmotif (LAHYT-moh-teef) – A repeated  phrase, image, symbol, or situation that indicates or supports a theme. Winston Churchill’s We Shall Fight on the Beaches speech uses anaphora to inspire his listeners: “We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.” The purpose of this device is to emphasize an important point or concept by creating pleasurable and memorable rhythm. The purpose of creating new words or phrases arises from a desire to find new ways to discuss old things as well as the need, sometimes, to use more precise language. By learning how to master literary devices, writers can take their work from good to extraordinary. Also known as Epiphora. Litotes (LAHY-tuh-teez) – This device is a figure of speech by which affirmation is made indirectly by denying the opposite, usually with the effect of understatement. This ambiguity often provides the basis for a joke. A literary device is any narrative technique applied with some degree of conscious care and skill to elevate the expression of writing. The unreliable narrator is an old literary trope, but Poe gives the device a twist. Alliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. The following is an example using the letter e from Bells by Edgar Allan Poe: “Hear the mellow wedding bells,/Golden bells!/What a world of happiness their harmony foretells.”, Asyndeton (uh-SIN-di-ton) – This literary device refers to the omission of conjunctions, such as Julius Caesar’s quote, “I came, I saw, I conquered.”. By Ruchika Gupta. And when that person has ugly thoughts every day, every week, every year, the face gets uglier and uglier until you can hardly bear to look at it. An example from the scene of Mercutio’s death Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare plays with the word grave, which means both serious and death: “Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man.” See Pun. It increased my fury, as the beating of a drum stimulates the soldier into courage.”. Contrast Hypotaxis. This unnecessary use of synonyms can unintentionally create a tonal shift such as humor or pretentiousness. Symbols, meanwhile, often reoccur throughout a story and are meant to shed light on the story’s theme. Alliteration – Alliteration refers to the repetitious use of sounds. When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept. For example, in As You Like It, William Shakespeare creates the metaphor that “All the world is a stage”. Figure of Speech – This literary device refers to any expression in which words are used other than in their literal sense in order to suggest a picture or image or other special effect. Anadiplosis (an-uh-di-PLOH-sis) – This literary device refers to the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of one clause or sentence and at the beginning of the next. Writers can use many different literary, but here are 20 common literary terms. Pleonasm (PLEE-uh-naz-uhm) – The use of redundant words to strengthen an expression. This descriptive and figurative language creates an impression of a person, place, or thing through the use of the above-referenced senses. Dramatic Irony – Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something the characters do not. Anaphora describes a poem that repeats the same phrase at the beginning of each line. Regarding a linguistic aspect, the writer exploited language as a tool to create an effect. Equivoque (EK-wuh-vohk) – This literary device refers to a humorous expression that exploits the double meanings of words or phrases. Literary Devices in Poems - Literary/Poetic device is a technique a writer uses to produce a special effect on their writing. The English language comprises many literary devices that add richness and life to phrases and expressions. It can also refer to the use of a proper name used to express a general idea. Anacoluthon (an-uh-kuh-LOO-thon) – This literary device refers to a sentence construction that includes a break in the grammatical sequence that leaves the initial sentence unfinished, as in the following: “We’re watching a funny–the movie made us laugh.” Anacoluthons are most often used in dialogue and my be used to indicate nervousness, excitement, or confusion in a character. The use of epithets or appellatives may be used as elegant variation to reduce the repetition of names. Symbolism is a literary device in which a writer uses one thing—usually a physical object or phenomenon—to represent something more abstract. Test. For example, they downed the wine without even tasting it. This device may be used to condescend to another, as in the following Donald Trump quote: “I refuse to call Megyn Kelly a bimbo, because that would not be politically correct.” However, this device may also be used in a sincere and polite way to share necessary information that the addressee may or may not know without implying that the addressee is ignorant. Many literary devices, such as … Blazon Blazon: French for “coat-of-arms” or “shield.” A literary blazon (or blason) catalogues the physical attributes of a subject, usually female. See Personification. Double Plot – This literary device refers to the use of two related plots within a narrative. Paralipsis (par-uh-LIP-sis) – This literary device refers to a suggestion, by deliberately concise treatment of a topic, that much of significance is being omitted, as in “not to mention other faults”. Edgar Allan Poe’s archetypal detective, C. Auguste Dupin, used this device in The Murders in the Rue Morgue, “Let us now transport ourselves, in fancy, to this chamber. Functionally-shifting words include attributive nouns and noun-to-verbs. IV. Flash-forward – A type of Anachrony, a flash-forward refers to an interruption of the chronological sequence of events by interjection of events or scenes of later occurrence. The purpose of this device is to create literary symbolism and give otherwise common ideas and objects a deeper meaning, to draw the reader’s attention to a passage, and to help the writer achieve brevity. Answer: The rhetorical device known as chiasmus is demonstrated in an inverted relationship between the syntactic elements of parallel phrases. << /Length 4 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> The difference is that literary devices can be used to enhance writing in many different ways, not all of which involve trying to convince readers of something. Percy Bysshe Shelley uses this technique in his Ode to the West Wind: “O Wind,/If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?”, Appositum – This Latin term means “adjective.” Like the Epithet, appositum is used to enhance imagery through the use of descriptive terms. The author selects those details that create a desired impression. This repetition may occur at the beginning, middle, or end of the word and may involve consonants or vowels. Thermal Imagery – This literary device refers to descriptive imagery that pertains to the sense of hot and cold. Literary Devices. Edgar Allan Poe uses this technique in The Pit and the Pendulum when his imprisoned narrator, who has just escaped an imminent death from the pendulum but not yet escaped from the pit, says the following: “For the moment, at least, I was free. This device is used primarily in exclamations or oaths in order to provide emphasis. Periphrasis (puh-RIF-ruh-sis) – This literary device is a type of circumlocution that uses a longer phrase in place of an available shorter form of expression. The narrator admits from the start of his story that he is not to be trusted. Vincent, meanwhile, is shot dead. In the following example from Kubla Kahn, Samuel Taylor Coleridge uses circumlocution to describe the wildness of nature and the peacefulness found with the palace walls: “So twice five miles of fertile ground/With walls and towers were girdled round:/And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills,/Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;/And here were forests ancient as the hills,/Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.” Examples of this include Elegant Variation and Periphrasis. Note above the catalogue of gifts Odysseus, in the disguise of the son of King Apheidas, says he gave to Odysseus during a visit, and note the catalogue of trees that Odysseus uses to identify himself. In the vignette And Some More “There are clouds that look like big fields of sheep” is an example of what literary device? A Rhetorical Question is a type of aporia. Oxymoron – This literary device refers to a figure of speech that combines words that have opposite or very different meanings, such as “bittersweet” or “living death”. One famous example is found in Marcel Proust’s Remembrance of Things Past in which anamnesis is brought about by the taste of a madeleine. Autoclesis – This literary term refers to an idea that is introduced in negative terms in order to call attention to it and arouse curiosity. By learning how to master literary devices, writers can take their work from good to extraordinary. The difference between anthropomorphism and Personification is that anthropomorphism allows for animals to behave likes humans, whereas personification ascribes human traits to something that is not acting human in any way. Pathetic Fallacy – A type of personification, this literary device refers to a poetic convention by which nature is used to reflect the emotions that characters are experiencing. This verbal parrying enunciates conflict between characters and as a result builds tension but also may be used to set up humorous situations. The TV show, Lost, also uses flash-forward effectively to explain what happens to the characters after they leave the island. For a detailed description, see Neologism. / Her beauty hangs upon the cheek of night, / Like a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear.”. One type of aporia, argumentative aporia, is used to respond to any doubts the reader may have. Antonomasia (an-tuh-nuh-MEY-zhuh) – This Metonymy refers to the use of an Epithet or appellative in place of a proper name. a reference to a person, a place, an even, or a literary work that a writer expects a reader to recognize ("He dreamed of Thebes and Camelot and Priam's Neighbors"-Miniver Cheevy by Edwin Arlington Robinson) The purpose of this device is to emphasize an important point or concept through vehement repetition. When an author includes a quotation from another literary piece at the beginning of her work, this is called a(n) _____. Whereas in synecdoche, a part is substituted for a whole (“hand” for “manual laborers”), in metonymy, any mere association may replace the whole (“ride” for “car”). Lady Capulet is clueless about Juliet’s marriage to Romeo, causing quite a problem throughout this piece of work, making the audience even more intrigued by the oblivious characters. Glossary of Common Literary Terms Allegory: an allegory is a narrative in which the characters often stand for abstract concepts. This technique often produces a humorous, satirical tone and may come in the form of sarcasm or irony. Rhythm  – In general, rhythm refers to the movement or sense of movement of words communicated by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables and by the duration of these syllables. Loose Sentence – See Right-Branching Sentence. This device allows background information about characters and events to be filled in. In fiction, a theme usually is not directly stated but subtly suggested through plot, characters, motifs, and other literary elements. Parataxis (par-uh-TAK-sis) – This literary device refers to the placing together of independent sentences, clauses, or phrases without conjunctive words. Unlike the elements of literature (i.e. Become a Reader Member to unlock in-line analysis of character development, literary devices, themes, and more! Second, as a rhetorical device, prolepsis refers to the act of raising your opponent’s objection preemptively in order to dispose of it on your terms. ?�ٹ���E�F��=�q�es�(G���Yrd?O�(X�-��\�B�.�=Q�'�J����'޸���W55z Z�z����~Bn{Ѝ��{�w'VF~��ǝ{����-i�-�4q��se���0����z�MVc[>z4���Ė�*���3�j�'�|�d�K�7��R< Anaphora (uh-NAF-er-uh) – The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or sentences. He had the eye of a vulture–a pale blue eye, with a film over it.” This device is also called Ploce (or Ploche). Edgar Allan Poe uses similes throughout The Tell-Tale Heart, such as “…a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and full upon the vulture eye” and “It was the beating of the old man’s heart. Allegory - A story, fictional or non fictional, in which characters, things, and events represent qualities or concepts. my kingdom for a horse!” Edgar Allan Poe also uses this device in The Tell-Tale Heart,  when his narrator states, “I think it was his eye! %PDF-1.3 This device creates rhythm and emphasizes important ideas. While these are very common types of literary elements, there are many more you can use to make your writing stand out in comparison to others. Examples of these literary devices include alliteration, similes, metaphors, and personification. Such verse exists in almost all literatures and is of ancient origin. The purpose of this device is to use familiar imagery to help describe unfamiliar things. This example from As You Like It by William Shakespeare compares the earth to a theatre stage: “All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players;/They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts.”. Examples of this device include “All for one, and one for all” and “Eat to live, not live to eat.” The purpose of this device is to suggest a close connection, even a mirror image, between the two clauses. Gustatory Imagery – This literary device refers to the descriptive Imagery that pertains to flavors or the sense of taste. Contrast Concrete Diction. This device is used to describe a thing more thoroughly and with poetic effect; because it is a descriptive device, the use of horismus tends to slow down the place of a narrative and adds weight to the preceding action. Common Types of Literary Devices in Writing. In Animal Farm, George Orwell uses litotes: “Clover was a stout motherly mare approaching middle life, who had never quite got her figure back after her fourth foal.” In The Cask of Amontillado, Edgar Allan Poe also uses this technique: “It must be understood that neither by word nor deed had I given Fortunato cause to doubt my goodwill.”. Use of personification helps us understand the world in human terms. Dramatic irony is a very common literary device used in Romeo and Juliet, an example is “Marry, my child, early next Thursday morn,” (Shakespeare 3.5.127). This syntax is achieved by beginning the sentence with a phrase or dependent clause or by inserting a phrase or dependent clause in the middle of the sentence. Hypotaxis (hahy-puh-TAK-sis) – This literary device refers to the use of conjunctive words between sentences, clauses, or phrases. Ploce (PLOH-see) – This literary device refers to the repetition of a word or phrase with one or two intervening words. Yet Brutus says he was ambitious.”, Aposiopesis (ap-uh-sahy-uh-PEE-sis) – This literary device occurs when the speaker suddenly breaks off in the middle of a sentence, as if from the inability or unwillingness to proceed. Contrast Abstract Diction. 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