He resigned from the Cabinet, the People's Action Party and as Secretary-General of the NTUC in August 1993 to stand for the presidential election. Since its landmark publication in 1980, the original history has sold more than 1.7 million copies. He was appointed Seamen’s Welfare Officer the following year. In 1983, he was appointed Minister without Portfolio when he joined the labour movement as its elected Secretary-General. Singh, S. (1986). Dr Sheares held the post of Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Malaya in Singapore in January 1950 until June 1960, when he retired and went into private practice. During the occupation of Singapore, he worked as a clerk in Japanese military establishments. Mr Nair was the author of four publications, namely "Who Lives If Malaysia Dies? He received his early education in St Patrick's School and St Joseph's Institution. The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.7. The president of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. (Call no. However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a 'lion'. Singaporean politics have been dominated by the People's Action Party (PAP) since the 1959 general election when Lee Kuan Yew became Singapore's first prime minister (Singapore was then a self-governing state within the British Empire). Potential candidates for office must meet stringent qualifications set out in the Constitution. : RSING 737.49595 SAR)12. He was replaced by Benjamin Sheares after his death, who served as President until his dea… On his release, he again became active in the trade union movement, as Secretary of the Singapore Factory and Shopworkers' Union. Lyndon B. Johnson Aug 9, 1974. ... Benjamin Henry Sheares (Dr) (b. He passed away on 7 December 2005. Sir Cecil Clementi resigns the governorship. In practice, the prime minister is usually the leader of the majority party in the legislature. An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore, 1819–1967. The Business Times, p. 1; PM makes farewell call. The president of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States, indirectly elected to a four-year term by the American people through the Electoral College.The officeholder leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.. In 1969, he left the University to begin a career in banking with the Overseas-Chinese Banking Corporation (OCBC), where he rose to become General Manager. Prime ministers--Singapore Law and government>>Political process>>Leadership. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Singapore. The information in this article is valid as at, Sir Cecil Clementi resigns the governorship, The crash of ‘81’: ‘We’re not to blame: Now he’s President Nair, President Ong to work with govt to shape political system, VIPs to witness historic swearing-in of new PM, President to ask DPM Lee to form new govt, Personalities>>Biographies>>Colonial Administrators, Law and government>>Public administration>>Ministries of state, Law and government>>Public administration>>Cabinet (Government Councils), Law and government>>Political process>>Leadership. 18. : RSING 959.57003 MUL-[HIS])10. Colonial administrators The President is responsible for safeguarding the national reserves and the integrity of the public service. 4 November 1915, Singapore–d. Dr Tan championed the development of higher education in Singapore as Minister for Education, Minister-in-charge for National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological Institute (1981-1983) and Deputy Prime Minister overseeing higher education (1995-2005). (2017). Resignation of Mr C. V. Devan Nair President of the Republic of Singapore (Vol. In 1966, Dr Wee was the first Singaporean journalist to enter Jakarta during Confrontation and interview Lieutenant-General Suharto and Foreign Minister Mr Adam Malik when President Sukarno was still confined to the palace in Bogor. In March 1948, while studying for the degree of Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh, he was recalled to Singapore to act as Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, pp. 20. The Central Sikh Temple, or Central Sikh Gurdwara as it is known to the Sikhs, is a place of worship for the Sikh community ... Elected presidency was legislated in Singapore in 1991 to help safeguard Singapore’s national reserves and ensure the ... Sir Cecil Clementi (b. Nathan sworn in as sixth president. PM Goh chairs last cabinet meeting. On his return from the US, Mr Nathan was made Ambassador-at-Large and was concurrently Director of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS) at the Nanyang Technological University. Mr Nathan was conferred the Public Service Star in 1964, the Public Administration Medal (Silver) in 1967, and the Meritorious Service Medal in 1974. Historical dictionary of Singapore. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; President’s Office. 27 April 1909, Nan’an, Fujian, China–d. 8 February 2002, Singapore) was the fifth president of Singapore and ... Sellapan Ramanathan (b. He was its first Secretary-General. In his younger days, Dr Wee was an active sportsman. He passed away on 23 November 1970. For several years, he was chairman of SATA (Singapore Anti-Tuberculosis Association). Spanning over 40 ha, it is located along Orchard ... Gog Sing Hooi (b. (Call no. In 1951, Dr Sheares spent the remainder of the Queen's Fellowship due to him in several leading universities in the United States of America which concentrated on teaching post-graduate Obstetrics and Gynaecology and in research work in these subjects. They have four children (three sons and one daughter) and six grandchildren. The Straits Times. Bastin, J. S. (2014). 284–285. He resumed the post of Secretary-General of the NTUC and remained in it until 1979 when he became its President. (1990, November 28). In May 1939, the now well-known 'Utusan Melayu', came into being with Encik Yusof at the helm as its first Managing Director. Dr Tan rejoined the Cabinet in August 1995 and was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence. From January 1985 to December 1991, he served as the Minister for Education. Singapore since 1965. : RSING 737.49595 SAR)5. The last Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof bin Ishak, became the first President. Singapore: Govt. In 1979, Mr Nair stood for election in a by-election for the Anson constituency and won. Dr Tan started his career as a lecturer with the Physics Department of the University of Singapore in 1964, after obtaining his Master of Science degree. During the attack on Malaya and Singapore, he served in the ARP (air raid precautions). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. He was later transferred to a Malay School at Taiping. The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. (1993, September 2). It was to have been a three-year term, but Dr Wee stayed at the post for seven years, the last two years as dean of the diplomatic corps in Kuala Lumpur. in March 1929. For his contributions towards Singapore’s development into a global hub of scientific research and education in his earlier roles as Education Minister and subsequently as Chairman of the National Research Foundation, Dr Tan was inducted into the Honorary Senate of the Foundation Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings in July 2012. The Straits Times, p. 20; Teo, L. (2004, August 12). In December 1991, Dr Tan stepped down from the Cabinet to return to the private sector as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of OCBC. Mr Nair was also president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Asian Regional Organisation, from 1976 to October 1981. (1985, March 28). (Call no. Lee preferred to retain the constitutional arrangements that had worked for Singapore since its separation from the Federation of Malaysia in 1965. He joined the King Edward VII College of Medicine in 1923, and qualified with the degree of L.M.S. Dr Sheares was born on 12 August 1907 in Singapore. Retrieved 2017, October 3 from The Istana website: http://www.istana.gov.sg/the-president/biography21. In January 1930, at the age of 15, he left Raffles Institution after only two years to join the Straits Times as a clerk in the circulation department, later moving to advertising and reporting. In August 2003, Dr Tan was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence. He held a directorship in the Singapore International Media Pte Ltd between September 1996 and August 1999. 7 February 1916, London) was the governor and commander-in-chief ... William Allmond Codrington Goode (Sir) (b. In 1971, he left the civil service and set up his own practice. Mr S R Nathan was born in Singapore on 3 July 1924. (2014, August 18). In the same year, he was appointed Chairman of the Prisons Inquiry Commission and launched the Adult Education Board, becoming its first Chairman, serving from 1960 to 1964. Dr Tan was also part of the trade union movement. 29 March 1902, London, England) was the second ... Cecil Clementi Smith (Sir), (b. In 1932, he joined the staff of 'Warta Malaya', the leading Malay newspaper of that time. 11 February 1994, Singapore) was one of Singapore’s pioneer watercolour ... Yusof bin Ishak (b. Independent Singapore was admitted to the United Nations on 21 September 1965, and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations on 15 October 1965. 5 August 1923, Jasin, near Malacca, Malaysia –d. (1934, June 15). After the Japanese surrendered, he became the first Singapore-born doctor to be appointed acting Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the King Edward VII College of Medicine. Ronald Reagan Jan 20, 1993. On 3 July 1965, Encik Yusof became the Chancellor of the University of Singapore. Life and times of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president. Dr Tan was also awarded the Great Gold Medal by Comenius University (Slovakia) and the King Charles II Medal by the Royal Society of United Kingdom. His father, Encik Ishak bin Ahmad, was the Acting Director of Fisheries, Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. (Call no. Encik Yusof bin Ishak, was born on 12 August 1910 at Padang Gajah, Trong, about 18 miles from Taiping, Perak. He later obtained a PhD in Applied Mathematics at the University of Adelaide. Presidents since 1965 Timeline created by wsouthworth. She is first Malay head of state in 47 years since the death of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president.. Singapore has a parliamentary system of government. When his civil-servant father was posted to Singapore in 1923, Encik Yusof accompanied his parents and studied at the former Victoria Bridge School until December 1923. Law and government>>Public administration>>Cabinet (Government Councils) Eight months before the outbreak of the Pacific War (1941), he resigned from the Straits Times and joined the United Press Association, an American news agency, which set up its office in Singapore for the first time. He joined the University again as a lecturer with the Department of Mathematics after obtaining his doctorate in 1967. Everybody will have a place in Singapore". Henson, B., & Zuraidah Ibrahim. The Singapore Chronicle was the first newspaper in Singapore. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. In 1972, Mr Ong was elected to Parliament and served as a Member of Parliament for 21 years. (1901, February 21). In 1940, Dr Sheares was awarded the Queen's Fellowship to do a two-year postgraduate study in Britain, but he could not proceed owing to the outbreak of World War II. As a personal obstetrician and gynaecologist to some members of the Malaysian royal families, he was made a Dato of Kedah and of Kelantan for his services. 15 January 1962, London, England), more ... Lee Siew Choh (Dr) (b. Singapore - Singapore - History: Singapore Island originally was inhabited by fishermen and pirates, and it served as an outpost for the Sumatran empire of Srīvijaya. In 1965, the Republic of Singapore became a fully self-governing, autonomous state. 1954, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA), whose name means “gentle tiger”, was also nicknamed ... Abraham Logan (b. (2017, September 1). Singapore: Times Books International, p. 17. He left OCBC in 1979 to enter politics. On 22 December 1965, it became a republic, with Yusof bin Ishak as the republic's first President. He was an outstanding student during his school career. See you, Mr President. President’s Office. Through reports of his exclusive interviews, Singaporeans and Malaysians learned for the first time that Indonesia was keen to end Confrontation. Dr Tan was elected as a Member of Parliament in 1979 and was appointed Senior Minister of State in the Ministry of Education. Bush Jan 20, 2001. July 30 – War on Poverty: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid. 8 June 1907, Twickenham, Middlesex –d. 9. Encik Yusof took up appointment as Yang di-Pertuan Negara of Singapore on 3 December 1959. 20 May 1941, Singapore–) was Singapore’s second prime minister (PM), serving in the office from 28 ... Robert Brown Black (Sir) (b. He resigned in October 1981 when he became President of the Republic of Singapore. : RSING 328.5957 SIN)16. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.18. Dr Tan retired from the Cabinet in September 2005 and was appointed Deputy Chairman and Executive Director of the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation Private Limited (GIC), Chairman of the National Research Foundation and Deputy Chairman of the Research, Innovation and Enterprise Council, and Chairman of Singapore Press Holdings Limited (SPH). Gerald Ford Jan 20, 1981. Raffles and Hastings: Private exchanges behind the founding of Singapore. He also initiated the establishment of the NTUC insurance co-operative INCOME, the taxi co-operative COMFORT and the WELCOME chain of co-operative supermarkets. Singapore hasn't had a Malay president since the country's first President Yusof Ishak, who served as head of state from 1965 to 1970. Cabinet swearing in today at City Hall. The Singapore Head of State paid a four-day State Visit with his wife Puan Noor Aishah to Cambodia in April 1963 and subsequently proceeded together in the same month to Mecca to perform the Haj, where they were the State Guests of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Singaporean history, more broadly, is a history that inherently begins somewhere else. The office of President was created in 1965 after Singapore became a republic upon its secession from the Federation of Malaysia that year. In June 1948, he was also appointed Honorary Consultant at the British Military Hospital. 1933, Guangdong, China–d. Since 1789 and the election of George Washington, America's first president, 44 individuals have served as the chief executive of the United States (Grover Cleveland was elected for two nonconsecutive terms, so he served as the 22nd and 24th president). (Call no. Richard Nixon Jan 20, 1977. Singapore later co-founded the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on 8 August 1967 and was admitted into the Non-Aligned Movement in 1970. Upon his retirement he became Honorary Consultant at the Kandang Kerbau Hospital, and retained close contact with the teaching of both undergraduate and postgraduate students. It is estimated that abound 400 people have been hanged since 1991. Parliament. From October 1983 to January 1985, Dr Tan served as the Minister for Finance and concurrently as the Minister for Trade and Industry. See you, Mr President. (Call no. In 1921, he began his English studies at King Edward VII School, Taiping. George H.W. The president's official residence and office is the Istana. Mulliner, K., & The-Mulliner, L. (1991). Teo, L. (2004, August 10). In early 1957, he went to Japan to inspect the latest machinery which the 'Utusan Melayu' had ordered. He was re-appointed for a further term of four years on 4 December 1967. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. : RSING 959.57 BUC-[HIS])3. Heads of State (Yang di-Pertuan Negara), 1959–1965 12 3 Jun 1959–2 Dec 1959: William Goode 3 Dec 1959–21 Dec 1965: Yusof bin Ishak Presidents of Singapore, 1965– 9 Aug 1965–23 Nov 1970: Yusof bin Ishak 13 2 Jan 1971–12 May 1981: Benjamin Henry Sheares 14 24 Oct 1981–28 Mar 1985: Chengara Veetil Devan Nair (C. V. Devan Nair) 15 Dr Benjamin Henry Sheares was appointed as President of the Republic of Singapore on 2 January 1971. Although it has faced difficulties, including more race riots in 1969 and the East Asian financial crisis of 1997, it has proved overall a very stable and prosperous little nation. (1984). Dr Sheares received his early education at the Methodist Girls' School, and later at St Andrew's School and Raffles Institution. Encik Yusof was the eldest son in a family of nine. 22 January 1936, Singapore–d. He was conferred the following awards: Dr Sheares and his wife had three children. Buckley, C. B. The other editorial executives had moved to Kuala Lumpur. At the Raffles Institution, he played hockey and cricket and took part in swimming, weight lifting, water-polo and boxing. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.8. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. (1904, January 27). The prime minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore and the country's most powerful political figure. It is a game that many have played likely since the earlier days of the republic, that of rating the presidents on how great each man was as president. Dr Wee also served as a member of the Singapore delegation to the United Nations General Assembly in 1977. Singh, S. (1986). In July 2011, Dr Tan stepped down from his positions at the GIC and SPH to contest in the Presidential Election. The government gazette. But the task was not easy because long periods of colonialism had produced The draft was completed in April 1971. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 449. Singapore: National Library Board and Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 48. 1 The country’s first four presidents, who held office between 1965 and 1993, were appointed by parliament. He served the full five-year term, founding the Democratic Action Party of Malaysia in the process. : RSING 941.0840924 SHE.M)9. In 1964, when Singapore was in Malaysia, he stood for election to the Malaysian Parliament and won the seat in Bungsar constituency. (Call no. Historical dictionary of Singapore. 18 July 2002, Singapore), a Cantonese, was a former ... Temenggung Abdul Rahman (d. 8 December 1825, Singapore), also known as Dato’ Temenggung Seri Maharaja Abdul Rahman or ... Wee Kim Wee (Dr) (b. Mr Yusof served as Yang di-Pertuan Negara after Singapore gained self-government in 1959, and as president from independence in 1965 until he died in office in 1970, aged 60, from a heart attack. by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia in November 1963. (Call no. Singapore: Oxford University Press, p. 141. 1684—1686). President Ong to work with govt to shape political system. The son of a former Public Works Department Technical Supervisor, he rose to become Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Malaya in Singapore, a holder of five degrees, and one of the most highly respected men in his field. 23 November 1970, Singapore), commonly referred to ... Sir Laurence Nunns Guillemard (b. D Litt (Hon Causa), (University of Singapore), 1970, Star of the Republic of Indonesia Adipurna (Indonesia), 1974, Honorary Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine, 1975, Ancient Order of Sikatuna (Raja), (Republic of the Philippines), 1976, Honorary Fellow, Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists, 1976. Encik Yusof received his early education in a Malay school in Kuala Kurau, Perak. Teaching led to his involvement in trade unionism, and he became General Secretary of the Singapore Teachers' Union in 1949. The portraits of President Halimah and her spouse, Mr Mohamed Abdullah Alhabshee, are displayed in public buildings. Colonial administrators--Singapore Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, p. 167. However, no presidents since Yusof bin Ishak (1965–1970) have lived there. 22. The Straits Times, p. 1. 27 July 1824, Southsea, Hampshire, England–d. Except for three and a half years during the Japanese occupation of Singapore and ten and a half years as High Commissioner to Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur and Ambassador to Japan and the Republic of Korea in Tokyo, Dr Wee has worked in the news media. Certificates of eligibility are issued by the Presidential Elections Committee (PEC). After a career ... Shenton Thomas Whitelegge Thomas (Sir) (b. Parliamentary Debates: Official Report. Mulliner, K., & The-Mulliner, L. (1991). (1959, June 5). Dr Sheares had lectured in the United States and Britain and wrote many articles for international and local journals. Retrieved 2017, July 4 from SPH websites Singapore: http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/life-and-times-of-yusof-ishak-singapores-first-president14. Born in Singapore on 4 November 1915, he received his early education at Pearl's Hill School. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. President State Took office Left office Party Term Previous office Vice President; 25: William McKinley (1843–1901) Ohio: since March 4, 1897: September 14, 1901: Republican: 28 : Governor of Ohio (1892–1896) Garret Hobart March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899: Vacant November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901: 29 : Theodore Roosevelt Dr Wee Kim Wee was appointed the President of the Republic of Singapore on 30 August 1985. 31 August 1816, Hattan Hall, Berwickshire, Scotland‒d. Besides official functions, the President actively supports community and social causes. List of presidents of Singapore. Dr Wee was awarded the Public Service Star for his public work in 1963, and in 1979, the Meritorious Service Medal for his diplomatic services. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. Under Dr Tan’s guidance, university education in Singapore became more globalised and was made accessible to more Singaporeans regardless of their family or financial background. 29 June 1944, Perak, Malaya) was a prominent ... Suppiah Dhanabalan (b. 7 February 1819, Scotland–d. (Call no. As of 2007, almost one-third of all the constitutional amendments since Singapore became independent in 1965 consisted of changes to the President's office. He was a member of the Nature Reserves Committee for a year, and also of the Malayanisation Commission. Dr Tan graduated from the University of Singapore with a First Class Honours Degree in Physics in 1962, and went on to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he obtained a Master of Science degree. SINGAPORE - Amid increased spending and an unprecedented four budgets totalling $92.9 billion this year, Singapore expects to record its biggest deficit since the country became independent in 1965.. 1882, Yangon, Myanmar–d. He was a Malay of Sumatran descent and could trace his lineage on the paternal side to Minangkabau, and on the maternal side to Langkat. 12 March 1908, Singapore–d. Singh, S. (1986). Shenton of Singapore: Governor and prisoner of war. 20 December 1873, Penang, Straits Settlements) ... William Henry Macleod Read, K.C.N.L., C.M.G., affectionately known as WH, (b. Zuraidah Ibrahim. 23 December 1840, London–d. In 1937, he was junior singles badminton champion of Singapore. : RSING 959.5703 BAS-[HIS]); Solomon, E. (1996). When Singapore was liberated in 1945, Dr Wee rejoined the United Press Association. The Straits Times, p. 1. Dr Wee got married in 1936 to Madam Koh Sok Hiong and had seven children – one son and six daughters. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Government of Singapore. Presidential elections in Singapore, in which the President of Singapore is directly elected by popular vote, were introduced through amendments to the Constitution of Singapore in 1991. Its inaugural issue was published on 1 January 1824. 7 February 1940, Singapore–) was the seventh president of Singapore (2011–17). From eRepublik Official Wiki. Thereafter commenced Singapore's struggle to survive and prosper on its own. He stood for election again in the 1980 General Election, and retained his seat as Member of Parliament for Anson. In early 1970, he was also appointed to the Committee on Medical Specialisation. Saying goodbye: President Tony Tan's last day in office. In 1962, he was seconded to the Labour Research Unit of the Labour Movement, first as Assistant Director and later as Director, until January 1966. The Straits Times, p. 1; Gan, L. K. (2011, August 31). Jump to: navigation, search. Montgomery, B. In recognition of Mr Nair's achievements and his leadership of the labour movement, he was awarded the Public Service Star in 1963. ", "Tomorrow: The Peril and the Promise", "Singapore: Socialism that Works", and "Asian Labour and the Dynamics of Change". 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